Anxiety can be defined as a feeling of unease, worry, and fear. It is actually normal to feel uneasy or have mood swing but intense anxiety is an indication towards an anxiety disorder. Symptoms of anxiety are a panic disorder, phobias of various types like agoraphobia and claustrophobia, post-traumatic stress disorder and social anxiety disorder. Long term feeling of anxiousness and fear is a condition of anxiety known as a generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Anxiety is difficult to diagnose because it is quite similar to depression. However, anxiety can be diagnosed if worries and fear are extremely stressful and are uncontrollable. If you feel stressed every day then it is better to seek medical help. According to a survey 33.7 percent, people suffer from an anxiety disorder. Various types of anti-anxiety medications are available in the market. Treatment of anxiety not only includes various medications but it also includes cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).
Role of anti-anxiety medications in our lives
Medications play a vital role in alleviating the symptoms of anxiety disorder. Medications are prescribed with other therapies by the doctor. Different types of anxiety are treated in different ways and have different medications and therapies. Benzodiazepines are prescribed for generalized anxiety. SSRI are antidepressants often prescribed for long-term anxiety. Other medications are SNRIs, Tricyclic, Buspirone, and Beta blockers.
SSRI anti-depressant to treat anxiety
SSRI which includes fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, sertraline, paroxetine, escitalopram oxalate, and citalopram. It is commonly seen that those medications which are prescribed for depression are also prescribed for anxiety since there symptoms are somehow similar. Anti-anxiety medications take about 4to6 weeks to relieve from anxiety. Commonly prescribed antianxiety for anxiety in the class of SSRIs are Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil, Celexa, and Lexapro. These medications are used to treat anxiety and other brain disorders like obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
It relieves the symptom of anxiety by inhibiting the reabsorption or reuptake the reabsorption of serotonin in specific nerve cells in the brain. This causes the availability of serotonin which enhances neurotransmission and improves our mood. SSRI only affects serotonin in our brain.
Some common side-effects of SSRI include nausea, fatigue, drowsiness, diarrhea, weight gain, agitation, insomnia, sexual dysfunction, dehydration, headaches, and dizziness, increased in sweating. Anti-anxiety medications also lead to suicidal thoughts. Monitoring is important if a person has recently started taking these medications. Few signs which show that medications didn’t suit the patient and is making the situation worse are panic attacks, insomnia, restlessness, and agitation.
If you are suffering from anxiety and you are pregnant then it is advised to seek medical assistance regarding the use of SSRI. SSRI is not recommended if you are 3 months pregnant. Risks of taking SSRI is a miscarriage, birth defects which leads to heart disease in babies or breathing and circulation problems in them. If you are breastfeeding then paroxetine or sertraline is safe to use when you are prescribed with SSRI.
SSRI can interact with other medications which increase the risk of side-effects. It can lead to bleeding or serotonin syndrome. SSRI should not be used if one is using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) because SSRI commonly interacts with it. Other medications with which it interacts are anti-platelets- a medication used to prevent blood clots, theophylline, clozapine, pimozide, lithium, triptans, TCAs, monoamine oxidase and SNRIs.
SSRI leads to dizziness and blurred visions so it is better to avoid driving or any work which requires attention.
This drug leads to physical dependence on this medication. It is difficult to withdrawal it but not impossible. Do not skip its dosage immediately because it can lead to extreme anxiety, fatigue, depression, flu and in some cases insomnia.
SNRIs medication for anxiety
Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors belong to the class of antidepressants and are used to treat anxiety and depression. SNRIs includes venlafaxine (Effexor), venlafaxine (effector XR) and duloxetine. It is prescribed for depression, anxiety disorders, panic attack, and chronic nerve pain. SNRIs is quite helpful if you are suffering from depression along with chronic pain. Its generic name is venlafaxine, duloxetine.
How SNRIs heals?
SNRIs ease anxiety and has an impact on chemical messenger which are used to communicate between brain cells. SNRIs effects the chemicals in the brain and plays a vital role in balancing chemicals and regulates mood. SNRIs inhibits the reabsorption of serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain. SNRIs heals by increasing serotonin and norepinephrine.
Side- effects and precautionary measures
SNRIs have mild side effects and in many cases, some people may not suffer from side effects. Taking these medications with food reduces its negative effect. Common side effects are nausea, dizziness, dry mouth, excessive sweating, tiredness, constipation, insomnia, reduced sexual desire and loss of appetite.
It is important to tell your doctor about the medications you take before taking SNRIs. Some medications can have a serious reaction if they interact with other medications or even with herbal products. Interactions with other products may lead to bleeding. Some anti-anxiety medications may harm your baby if you take them during pregnancy or during breastfeeding. Consult your doctor before using them. SNRIs may also lead to serotonin syndrome which can occur when antianxiety medications increase serotonin in your body and are combined with other medication which also increases the amount of serotonin in your body. Signs of serotonin syndrome are sweating, anxiety, confusion, tremors, increase in heartbeat, restlessness, lack of coordination and agitation.
Skipping SNRIs medications
SNRIs is not addictive. But abruptly skipping its dosage can lead to withdrawal effect. Withdrawal symptoms are dizziness, headache, diarrhea, irritability, muscle aches, and chills.
Tricyclic for anxiety
Generic name of tricyclic antidepressant is amitriptyline, imipramine, and nortriptyline. It is prescribed for the treatment of anxiety disorders, panic attacks, obsessive-compulsive disorder, migraine, and depression. Tricyclic includes imipramine, desipramine, nortriptyline, doxepin, clomipramine, and amitriptyline.
How it relieves?
Like other antianxiety medications, it also inhibits the reabsorption of neurotransmitter serotonin and norepinephrine. These chemicals are naturally made by your body. It regulates your mood and elevates it. It prevents migraines.
They can affect the automatic movement of muscles including secretions and digestion. They block histamine which is a chemical which is found throughout our body. Other side effects are drowsiness, dizziness, blurred vision, constipation, glaucoma, disorientation, seizure, low blood pressure, weight gain, nausea, and dry mouth.
Alcohol should be avoided if you are taking tricyclic antianxiety medications. Tricyclic interacts with certain types of medications like epinephrine and cimetidine. Interactions with these products lead to an increase in heart rate and increase the level of tricyclic in our body. People who have heart problems, thyroid problem and urinary retention should avoid tricyclic anti-anxiety.
Pregnant women or those who are breastfeeding should avoid these medications. Because it can affect a baby’s health.
Benzodiazepine for anxiety
Benzodiazepine is the most prescribed drug for the treatment of anxiety. Types of benzodiazepine are Xanax, Klonopin, Valium and, Ativan. It brings relief within 30 minutes. It relieves from a panic attack, anxiety disorder, insomnia, and depression. Most effective benzodiazepine is Xanax. It treats anxiety and is highly prescribed by doctors. You can order Xanax online here.
How does it heal?
Benzodiazepines directly act on the central nervous system. The brain consists of a chemical called GABA which balances the chemical in our brain and regulates your mood. But during anxiety, these chemicals are imbalanced which leads to mood swings and stress along with depression. Benzodiazepines enhance GABA in our brain and regulate our mood. Xanax heals naturally and you can buy Xanax 2mg
Benzodiazepine has some common side effects like drowsiness, dizziness, slurred speech, trouble in concentrating, confusion, and headache, blurred vision, poor coordination, memory problem and stomach upset. Sometimes benzodiazepine does not affect positively but it affects in an opposite manner. These reactions are common in children, the elders over 65 and also to those people who have developmental disabilities. Paradoxical effects include increased anxiety, agitation, hallucinations, and mania.
If you are taking benzodiazepine then quit drinking. Alcohol can lead to overdose if taken with a benzodiazepine. Do not mix with painkillers, sleeping pills, antihistamines because they can also lead to overdose and can be life-threatening.
Pregnant women should avoid these medications because it can lead to miscarriage. It can cause a problem for the baby because it can lead to heart problems in them. It should not be taken during breastfeeding because breast milk consists of benzodiazepine.
Adults who are over 65 should consult a doctor before taking benzodiazepine. They are quite sensitive to the sedating effects. A small dosage of benzodiazepine can cause loss of balance, amnesia, confusion and cognitive impairment. Benzodiazepine can lead elders to lose their balance and fall which can result in a broken leg or hip. If a benzodiazepine is used for a long time then it increases the risk of Alzheimer’s in elders. Those individuals should avoid it if they are addicted to alcohol or to other drugs.
Dependence on benzodiazepine and withdrawal
Benzodiazepine is addictive but if it is taken according to prescription then one can avoid addiction. If you are taking these medications for a long time then do not miss its dosage abruptly or do not completely withdraw it. Because it can lead to restlessness, insomnia, increased anxiety, confusion, panic attacks, increased in heart rate, sweating and in severe cases insomnia. If you want to withdraw it then consult a doctor.